New research found that, for men, eating rye bread could help lower high cholesterol. The study followed men and women with elevated cholesterol levels over 12 weeks. Subjects randomly ate rye and wheat breads as part of their usual diet for four weeks each, separated by four weeks when they didn't eat either. After the rye bread consumption period, total cholesterol decreased by eight percent in the men but didn't significantly change in the women, and no change for either after the wheat bread consumption period. The researchers conclude that rye bread is effective in reducing serum cholesterol concentrations in men with elevated levels. Of course, with any initial finding, more studies are needed to confirm these results. In the meantime, it can't hurt to order your sandwich on rye - even if it doesn't lower cholesterol, it's still a healthy, high-fiber whole grain.